CE1010 | Contact Hours: 2
Pain and Symptom Management
The purpose of this program is to inform nurses and health care professionals about acute, sub-acute, and chronic pain and best practice for symptom management. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
1. Differentiate between acute and persistent pain.
2. Identify characteristics present in a patient with pain.
3. Discuss how pain impacts a person’s ability to function.
4. Identify appropriate outcome measures to quantify a person’s pain.
5. Describe both non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions for pain.
Rachel Botkin, PT, MPT
CRITERIA FOR SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION
All learners must complete the entire activity and complete the evaluation to receive contact hours.
APPROVAL STATEMENT (ACCREDITATION INFORMATION)
This nursing continuing professional development activity was approved by the Ohio Nurses Association, an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. (OBN-001-91).
In addition to states that accept American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) courses, CE Leaders is an approved provider by the Florida Board of Nursing, and a registered provider with the Arkansas State Board of Nursing, District of Columbia Board of Nursing, Georgia Board of Nursing, Kentucky Board of Nursing, New Mexico Board of Nursing, South Carolina Board of Nursing and West Virginia Board of Registered Nurses (Provider # 50-33450).
RELEVANT FINANCIAL RELATIONSHIP
No one with the ability to control content of this activity has a relevant financial relationship with an ineligible company.
The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defined pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage (1).” More than 1 in 5 adults in America experiences chronic pain which makes it one of the most common chronic conditions and a leading cause of disability (2) and an economic burden of between $560 and $635 billion a year (3). A large part of this cost comes from medical expenses as the individuals with pain “who are managed poorly will bounce around the healthcare system, becoming more and more exasperated and consuming considerable resources” (4). 8% of Americans have “high impact” chronic pain which is associated with reduced quality of life (QOL), limitations in daily functioning including social, vocational, and activities of daily living (ADL), and increased health care costs and utilization (2). Pain is also one of the most common reasons that people seek medical care.
Pain, unlike many other chronic conditions, is affected by a range of biopsychosocial factors such as depression, stress, and amount of self-efficacy. Pain may be present with or without a clear anatomical cause. Health care professionals, including nurses, can expect to treat people with pain in all settings, from hospitals to nursing homes, home health, and primary care offices. Nurses can have a profound effect on a person’s pain through detailed examination, history taking, measurement and intervention.
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