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Domestic Violence

Enrolled on:

CE1008 | Contact Hours: 2

COURSE OBJECTIVES

The purpose of this course is to educate health care professionals on domestic violence. Upon completion of this course, the health care provider will be able to:

1. Define domestic violence and understand the frequency in which domestic violence can be observed for both victims and perpetrators.
2. Understand the general prevalence of domestic violence on both national and Florida state levels.
3. Summarize Florida state law as it relates to domestic violence.
4. Describe appropriate screening methods to identify victims and be able to assess for perpetrators of domestic violence.
5. Identify local Florida resources currently available for victims and perpetrators of domestic abuse including shelters, victim counseling, batterer counseling, advocacy groups, legal aid and child protective services.

*There’s some material in this course that’s specific to Florida but there’s a lot of good information and this course is ANCC approved so any RN or LPN/LVN can complete this course and receive credit for it.

RELEASE DATE

05/13/2022

EXPIRATION DATE

05/13/2024

AUTHOR

Sara Hilgenberg, LPN

CRITERIA FOR SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION

All learners must complete the entire activity and complete the evaluation to receive contact hours.

APPROVAL STATEMENT (ACCREDITATION INFORMATION)

This nursing continuing professional development activity was approved by the Ohio Nurses Association, an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. (OBN-001-91).

In addition to states that accept American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) courses, CE Leaders is an approved provider by the Florida Board of Nursing, and a registered provider with the Arkansas State Board of Nursing, District of Columbia Board of Nursing, Georgia Board of Nursing, Kentucky Board of Nursing, New Mexico Board of Nursing, South Carolina Board of Nursing and West Virginia Board of Registered Nurses (Provider # 50-33450).

RELEVANT FINANCIAL RELATIONSHIP

No one with the ability to control content of this activity has a relevant financial relationship with an ineligible company.

INTRODUCTION

Domestic violence can be seen in every community nationwide, affecting individuals regardless of age, gender, socioeconomic status, race, religion or nationality. Domestic violence is believed to be vastly underreported for reasons of fear, embarrassment, a lack of understanding and economic dependency. Domestic violence includes economic, physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological abuse of children, adults, or elders. It causes deterioration of psychological and physical health, a decreased quality of life and in some cases, death. An estimated 10 million people per year in the United States are victims of domestic violence (1). As many as one in four women and one in ten men are victims of domestic violence (1). From 2016 through 2018 the number of domestic violence victimizations in the United States increased by 42% (1). Because of these statistics, we know that it is very likely that every health care professional will at some point treat a patient who has been victimized or has perpetrated domestic violence. Health care professionals should be aware of how to identify these individuals and implement effective plans of action and help these patients safely recover.

RESOURCES

1. If you are in danger, please contact 911, if you feel safe and comfortable doing so, or the U.S. National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233, or, your local/state hotline.

2. For emergency services or information about domestic violence in Florida:
Florida Domestic Violence Hotline
1-800-500-1119
Florida Relay 711
TDD Hotline: 1-800-621-4202

3. For a list of Florida domestic violence centers by county, visit:
https://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/domestic-violence/map.shtml

4. Mandatory Reporters:
Phone: 800-96-ABUSE or 800-962-2873
Fax: 800-914-0004
TDD: 800-453-5145
Web reporting: https://reportabuse.dcf.state.fl.us/

5. Florida Department of Children and Families
Phone: 850-921-2168
Fax: 850-922-6720
Email: domesticviolence@dcf.state.fl.us
http://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/domestic-violence

6. Florida Department of Elder Affairs
4040 Esplanade Way
Tallahassee, FL 32399-7000
Phone: 850 414 2000
Fax: 850-414-2004
TDD: 850-414-2001
http://elderaffairs.state.fl.us/

7. Elder Helpline: 800-96-ELDER (800-963-5337)

8. Report Elder Abuse: 800-96-ABUSE or 800-962-2873

9. Statewide Senior Legal Helpline: 888-895-7873

10. Florida Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program
4040 Esplanade Way, Suite 380
Tallahassee, FL 32399-7000
Phone: 850-414-2323
Toll Free: 888-831-0404
Fax: 850-414-2377
Email: LTCOPInformer@elderaffairs.org
http://ombudsman.myflorida.com/

11. Florida Attorney General
Medicaid Fraud Control Unit
866-966-7226 (toll-free in Florida)
TDD: 800-955-8771
http://myfloridalegal.com/

12. National Domestic Violence Hotline: 800-799-SAFE (7233)

13. Rape and Sexual Assault Hotline: 800-656-HOPE (4673)

14. LGBT Victim National Help Center
National Hotline: 888-843- 4564
Hours: Monday – Friday: 4 pm – 12 am Eastern Time
Saturday: 12 pm – 5 pm
https://namigo.org/resources/lgbtq-services/

REFERENCES

1. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Website https://assets.speakcdn.com/assets/2497/domestic_violence-2020080709350855.pdf?1596828650457. Accessed March 13, 2022.

2. Preventing Intimate Partner Violence: What is intimate partner violence? https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/intimatepartnerviolence/fastfact.html. Updated November 2, 2021. Accessed March 16, 2022.

3. The 2021 Florida Statues. Section 741.28. Domestic Relations. Marriage; Domestic Violence. Website http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=0700-0799/0741/Sections/0741.28.html. Accessed March 16, 2022.

4. UCR Domestic Violence. Website http://www.fdle.state.fl.us/FSAC/Data-Statistics/UCR-Domestic-Violence.aspx. Accessed March 16, 2022.

5. Dryden-Edwards R, Stoppler M. Domestic Violence. Website https://www.medicinenet.com/domestic_violence/article.htm#what_is_domestic_violence_what_are_the_types_of_domestic_violence. Accessed March 22, 2022.

6. Devries K, Knight L, Petzold M, et al. Who Perpetrates Violence Against Children? A Systematic Analysis of Age-Specific and Sex-Specific Data. BMJ Paediatr Open. 2018;2(1):e000180. doi:10.1136/bmjpo-2017-000180. Published February 7, 2018. Accessed March 19, 2022.

7. Child Abuse and Neglect Statistics. Website https://www.fncac.org/child-abuse-and-neglect-statistics. Accessed March 21, 2022.

8. Child Abuse. Website https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/child-abuse/symptoms-causes/syc-20370864. Updated September 24, 2021. Accessed March 21, 2022.

9. Indicators of Emotional Child Abuse. Website https://americanspcc.org/emotional-child-abuse/. Accessed March 19, 2022.

10. Child Sexual Abuse Statistics. Website https://www.d2l.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/Statistics_2_Perpetrators.pdf. Updated December 22, 2015. Accessed March 19, 2022.

11. Hassan M, Gary F, Killion C, Lewin L, Totten V. Patterns of Sexual Abuse Among Children: Victims’ and Perpetrators’ Characteristics, Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 24:4, 400-418, doi:10.1080/10926771.2015.1022289. Published June 4, 2015. Accessed March 19, 2022.

12. People who Engage in Child Abuse or Neglect. Website https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/can/people/. Accessed March 19, 2022.

13. Florida Department of Children and Families Programs. Website https://www.myflfamilies.com/service-programs/domestic-violence/. Accessed March 19, 2022.

14. National Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence in Florida. Website https://assets.speakcdn.com/assets/2497/ncadv_florida_fact_sheet_2020.pdf. Published 2020. Accessed March 21, 2022.

15. Intimate Partner Violence. Website https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/committee-opinion/articles/2012/02/intimate-partner-violence. Published 2012. Updated June 2019. Accessed March 18, 2022.

16. Domestic Violence and Pregnancy. Website https://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/domestic-violence-and-pregnancy. Accessed March 17, 2022.

17. Tillery B, Ray A, Cruz E, Waters E. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and HIV-Affected Hate and Intimate Partner Violence in 2017: A Report from the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs. Website http://avp.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/NCAVP-HV-IPV-2017-report.pdf. Published 2018. Accessed March 19, 2022.

18. Ard KL, Makadon HJ. Addressing intimate partner violence in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2011;26(8):930-933. doi:10.1007/s11606-011-1697-6. Published March 20, 2011. Accessed March 20, 2022.

19. Calton JM, Cattaneo LB, Gebhard KT. Barriers to Help Seeking for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence. Trauma Violence Abuse. 2016;17(5):585-600. doi:10.1177/1524838015585318. Published May 15, 2015. Accessed March 20, 2022.

20. National Statistics Domestic Violence Fact Sheet. Website https://ncadv.org/STATISTICS#:~:text=1%20in%203%20women%20and,be%20considered%20%22domestic%20violence.%22&text=1%20in%207%20women%20and,injured%20by%20an%20intimate%20partner. Accessed March 21, 2022.

21. Hines D, Brown J, Dunning E. Characteristics of Callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men. Journal of Family Violence 22. 63-72. doi:10.1007/s10896-006-9052-0 Published September, 2007. Accessed March 22, 2022.

22. Acierno R, Hernandez MA, Amstadter AB, et al. Prevalence and Correlates of Emotional, Physical, Sexual, and Financial Abuse and Potential Neglect in the United States: The National Elder Mistreatment Study. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(2):292-297. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.163089 Published September 20, 2011. Accessed March 20, 2022.

23. Rosen T, Stern ME, Elman A, Mulcare MR. Identifying and Initiating Intervention for Elder Abuse and Neglect in the Emergency Department. Clin Geriatr Med. 2018;34(3):435-451. doi:10.1016/j.cger.2018.04.007 Published June 15, 2018. Accessed March 21, 2022.

24. The 2021 Florida Statues. Section 39.201. Judicial Branch. Proceedings Related to Children. Website http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=0000-0099/0039/Sections/0039.201.html. Accessed March 16, 2022.

25. The Florida Statues. Section 415.1034. Social Welfare, Adult Protective Services. Website http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?mode=View%20Statutes&SubMenu=1&App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_String=mandatory+reporting+abuse&URL=0400-0499/0415/Sections/0415.1034.html. Accessed March 23, 2022.

26. Basile K, Hertz M, Back S. Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Victimization Assessment Instruments for Use in Healthcare Settings. Website https://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/ipv/ipvandsvscreening.pdf. Accessed March 19, 2022.

27. Health Professional Outreach Project. Website http://www.ctcadv.org/files/4615/6657/9227/HPO_HITS_Screening_Tool_8.19.pdf. Accessed March 17, 2022.

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