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Aging and Age Related Care Issues

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CE1002 | Contact Hours: 2


The purpose of this activity is to inform health care professionals about aging and age related care issues. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:

1. Identify the physical changes that are associated with aging.
2. Describe common psychological disorders found in aging individuals.
3. Identify signs of aging that may require additional care.
4. Describe the types of care available to aging adults.
5. Describe intervention techniques that minimize adverse outcomes to elderly patients and their families.






Melissa Bair, BSN, RN


All learners must complete the entire activity and complete the evaluation to receive contact hours.


This nursing continuing professional development activity was approved by the Ohio Nurses Association, an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. (OBN-001-91).

In addition to states that accept American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) courses, CE Leaders is an approved provider by the Florida Board of Nursing, and a registered provider with the Arkansas State Board of Nursing, District of Columbia Board of Nursing, Georgia Board of Nursing, Kentucky Board of Nursing, New Mexico Board of Nursing, South Carolina Board of Nursing and West Virginia Board of Registered Nurses (Provider # 50-33450).


No one with the ability to control content of this activity has a relevant financial relationship with an ineligible company.


Until a person is in their fourth or fifth decade of life, the finality of aging may not mean a lot, even though it’s a lifelong process. Childhood, adolescence and young adulthood are typically filled with feelings of health, vigor, and immortality. It’s often only when a person starts to notice physical changes or experience illness that they accept that they are actually getting older. The population of the United States is aging at the fastest rate in our history. The number of Americans ages 65 and older will more than double over the next 40 years, reaching 80 million by 2040. Age related care issues and health concerns equate to an extremely large focus of health care in the United States. A health care professional must understand the aging individual and their specific aging-related issues to best care for the patient in all aspects of the medical continuum.

So, what exactly is aging, what causes it, how does the body change and how long can a person expect to live? Moreover, how can the health care professional best care for and treat the aging individual?


1. World Health Organization. Definition of an Older or Elderly Person: Proposed Working Definition of an Older Person in Africa for the MDS Project. Available at Last accessed 1/18/22.

2. Hutchison ED. Dimensions of Human Development: The Changing Life Course. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.; 2007.

3. Administration on Aging. A Profile of Older Americans: 2017. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2017.

4. Gist YJ, Hetzel LI. We the People: Aging in the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau; 2004.

5. Crews JE. The role of public health in addressing aging and sensory loss. Generations. 2003;27(10):83-90.

6. Vander Zanden, JW, Crandell T, Crandell C (eds). Human Development. 7th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education; 2002.

7. Wrosch C, Schulz R, Heckhausen J. Health stresses and depressive symptomology in the elderly: a control-process approach. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 2004;13(1):17-20.

8. National Cancer Institute. Loss, Grief, and Bereavement. Available at Last accessed 1/18/22.

9. Librach SL, Abrahams P. Grief and bereavement: a practical approach. In: Ian Anderson Continuing Education Program in End-of-Life Care. Toronto: University of Toronto; 2000.

10. U.S. Census Bureau. Population 65 Years and Over in the United States. Available at Last accessed 1/18/22.

11. National Institute on Aging. Aging in the United States: Past, Present and Future. Available at Last accessed 1/18/22.

12. Grossman S, Lange J. Theories of aging as basis for assessment. Medsurg Nurs. 2006;15(2):77-83.

13. Langer N. Integrating compliance, communication, and culture: delivering health care to an aging population. Educ Gerontol. 2008;34(5):385-396.

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